Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of conditions affecting the mouth, jaws, face, and associated structures. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dental specialists who have undergone additional years of surgical training after completing dental school. They are uniquely qualified to perform surgical procedures involving the oral and facial regions.

Here are some key aspects of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:

  1. Dental Extractions: Oral surgeons commonly perform complex tooth extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth. They have the expertise to handle challenging cases that may involve impacted or severely damaged teeth, and they can provide sedation or anesthesia as needed.

  2. Dental Implant Placement: Oral surgeons are extensively trained in dental implant surgery. They can surgically place dental implants into the jawbone to replace missing teeth. This includes procedures such as bone grafting or sinus lifts to ensure a stable foundation for implant-supported restorations.

  3. Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery): Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can correct skeletal irregularities of the jaw, such as malocclusion (misaligned bite), through orthognathic surgery. This surgery aims to improve the function, aesthetics, and alignment of the jaws and facial structures.

  4. Facial Trauma: Oral surgeons are skilled in treating facial injuries resulting from accidents, sports injuries, or other traumatic incidents. They can repair fractured facial bones, perform soft tissue reconstruction, and address injuries to the oral cavity.

  5. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD): Oral surgeons can diagnose and treat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, which involve dysfunction of the jaw joint and associated structures. They may provide conservative treatments or perform surgical interventions to alleviate pain and restore normal function.

  6. Oral Pathology: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to diagnose and manage various oral diseases and conditions, including oral cancer, cysts, tumors, and infections. They can perform biopsies and provide appropriate treatment options, which may involve surgery or collaboration with other medical specialists.

  7. Cleft Lip and Palate Repair: Oral surgeons often participate in multidisciplinary teams to provide surgical repair for individuals born with cleft lips or palates. They work alongside orthodontists, speech therapists, and other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for these patients.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery requires a combination of dental and surgical expertise. Oral surgeons collaborate with other dental specialists, medical professionals, and healthcare providers to provide comprehensive care for patients with complex oral and facial conditions. If you have a dental or facial concern that requires surgical intervention, an oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the specialist to consult.